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Woodworkers prefer knotty pine for making tables, chests or any other project because pine has the beauty that fir lacks. Mike's message above is relevant as well. Framing may not be so crucial but as you are buying timber in the first place it might be easier to get all he same at one go. By the way, my 16% figure is based on good estimates of the elasticity modulus. In 2016, the White House chose a Douglas fir to festoon the Obamas' final Christmas in the Executive Mansion, and for good reason: Douglas … Believed the third largest tree species in the world. Note that due to inadequacies of samples, these values may not necessarily represent average characteristics .Tree SpeciesAverage Specific Gravity, Oven Dry SampleStatic Bending Modulus of Elasticity (E)Impact Bending, Height of Drop Causing FailureCompress. I promised my cousins I'd come up to BC for a weekend some time soon. The Norway usually has larger, longer cones between 10-20cm. The liniment he indicates externally for respiratory or rheumatic disorders and also for impetigo – a skin infection. 494 129 5. It is reputedly beneficial in massage for muscle aches and pains and poor circulation although I personally haven’t used it in this way. The essential oil or the resin are utilised medicinally. The table below provides laboratory values for several properties of wood that are associated with wood strength. Douglas-fir is the name of an entire genus of trees that contains six species--two native to North America and four native to eastern Asia. (hemlocks) and Pseudotsuga (Douglas fir). You can clearly see the upright cones. See the Hankinson formula. Very different from other types of cones! Okay so Abies aren’t what you would call feathery, more leathery really, but they are more ‘feathery’ than the spiky Picea. Comparing spruce vs. pine vs. fir wood helps you decide which wood to use based on your project. Is this there a consensus on this? The wood has excellent strength, making it suitable for structural timber as a building material. Another good choice for budget-conscious consumers. Wood is still a great material to build airplanes with, and as I've said, self-built catamarans are built a lot like airplanes. I have personally struggled with this as a differentiating feature between the two species. The coast Douglas-fir variety is the dominant tree west of the Cascade Mountains in the Pacific Northwest, occurring in nearly all forest types, competes well on most parent materials, aspects, and slopes. how do you tell the difference between coniferous trees. The shoots of the Sitka are yellowy/whitish pale brown. On the other hand, perhaps you don't know where to start at the tree lot. user-7009029 01/12/2018 Douglas-fir are not true firs. In the last post I mentioned that neither Abies nor Pseudotsuga species have a peg whereas Tsuga species do. Blue spruce remains a popular Christmas tree because of its bright blue color. I'm sure someone more knowledgeable than me will weigh in on this subject. Pine and spruce are so closely related in strength and uses with fir that they are often milled, distributed and marketed generically as spruce-pine-fir, or SP&F. “Picea Pegs Poke-Out, Abies ‘Asnt Any!” You just need remember that Picea is spruce and Abies is fir. As I said, both of these trees are evergreen conifers. Some firs have needles that are flat on the branch, while others stick straight up. It can grow quite well in Scotland but is rarer in drier areas south of the UK. First of all, spruce trees. Spruce and fir have their needles attached individually to the branches using different attachments called pegs, suction cups, and stalks, which are never bundled. They disintegrate on the tree so you will rarely find a cone on the ground unlike spruce or pine cones. View all posts by Nicole. Whereas those of the Norway are much darker, almost orangey-red. they hang down. Sitka, a North American species, is commonly grown by the forestry commission in wet forests. I definitely don’t know all of them. Remember spruce has no petiole unlike the hemlocks. The tree gets its name from David Douglas, a renowned Scottish botanist. trees. My little Collins book describes the Grecian fir as having almost perpendicular shiny green leaves all around the shoot “radiating stiffly”. Alaska Spruce 0.41 Alaska Yellow Cedar 0.46 Balsam Fir 0.36 Beech-Birch-Hickory 0.71 Coast Sitka Spruce 0.43 Cottonwood 0.41 Douglas Fir-Larch 0.50 Douglas Fir-Larch (North) 0.49 Douglas Fir-South 0.46 Eastern Hemlock 0.41 Eastern Hemlock-Balsam Fir 0.36 Eastern Hemlock-Tamarack 0.41 Eastern Hemlock-Tamarack (North) 0.47 Wood is significantly weaker and less stable when the grains lie flat. Sitka are paler on the underside. Knowing the Douglas fir trees have thick bark to … Aesthetics: because of Pine’s grain structure and varying colors ranging from brown to yellow-white, it is the ideal choice for those seeking a colonial or rustic character to their wide plank floor project. Spruce vs pine, pine vs fir – they can all be a bit confusing at times. I think of Spiky Spruce, Feathery Fir. In addition it included a little information on Abies sp. They are not hard like pine cones. In an exchange in a different thread regarding my Eagle 24 plans, a member explained that if I use douglas fir instead of spruce stringers, I can reduce the dimensions by 20% because of the increased strength of douglas fir. Well, to narrow it down a bit, the three most popular varieties of Christmas tree are fir, spruce, and pine. I like it in vaporisation or inhalation when you are literally exhausted from coughing and spluttering. New STK Doug Fir in Stock. Leaves: Flat, soft needles that grow in rows. Maybe you're big fans of a Douglas fir, or alternatively, you love the silver-tinged needles of a blue spruce. For more pictures and information on this species, see MSU‘s Douglas fir YouTube video. Blue spruce. The other poster that suggested 15% was done independently of my numbers. In fact it can be a little yellow if it doesn’t get enough water. Sometimes they are described as whorled, like a bottle brush. They're reasonably priced, and I get to choose the boards I want to buy. Photo credit: Jill O’Donnell, MSU. Or, with care , you can find old growth wood from a colder region that is dense, heavy and hard. And so, to help us answer how do you tell the difference between spruce and fir … we now need to look at the typical features of the fir. The cones on spruce trees are pendent i.e. This is the species in Trafalgar Square in London every year. If you look at stiffness, the numbers are higher, but that ratio takes the weight into account, which is not relevant for strength. In this post I am going to look at fir and spruce (Picea sp.) DeltaMan. No two types of wood are the same, though species within a … Cones on fir trees are upright and erect. throughout the structure. Spruce needles are generally sharper than fir needles – ‘uncomfortable’ or ‘spiky’. Picea mariana more commonly known as black spruce is a popular essential oil. Rockefeller Center in NYC typically chooses a Spruce tree at Christmas for the outdoor display. The Norway spruce (Picea abies) is the most common in Europe. Also keeps the tool settings to the minimum, saving a bit of time. Post Nov 18, 2016 #1 2016-11-18T02:48. On true firs the cones stand up. Other common names: Oregon pine, red fir, and red spruce. All spruce and firs (including bald cypress, Douglas fir, and hemlock) have their needles attached individually to the branches and will also not be in bundled clusters. Useful for nervous exhaustion. I read this little mnemonic somewhere which I thought was quite helpful. The Douglas fir, mentioned in the previous post, is second largest. In fact the Collins book describes Sitka needles as “much flattened”. The essential oil he recommends for inhalation. The wood is white hence ‘alba’. Strength: Douglas Fir vs. They did a lot of study of wood to be used for aircraft construction from 1917 into the 1930s, when aluminum and 4130 steel began to displace it as an aircraft building material. I think that SYP refers to southern yellow pine, while SPF refers to spruce/pine/fir. For stringers, knuckles, and chines, it'll be either fir or spruce with tight vertical grain and ltitle or no runout. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Adapted to a moist, mild climate, it grows larger and faster than Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir. The featured header photograph for this post shows cones on an Abies (fir) tree growing beside the church in Foix in the Ariege. A forum for all those interested in Woods Designs boat designs. Pseudotsuga menziesii. Fir is probably a premium. If you pull a needle off a small scar will be left. Douglas fir, which has sometimes been called the Douglas tree, Oregon pine, and Douglas spruce, is not actually a true fir, a pine, or a spruce. Spruce Tree Identification. Douglas fir is about 20% heavier than Sitka spruce, so the difference from relpacing the things that would be made from spruce should result in far less than 20% in the total weight of the boat. Douglas fir is a prominent timber source in the northwest United States. This website uses cookies for functionality, analytics and advertising purposes as described in our, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi ... 091129.pdf, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi ... 091423.pdf, http://forum.woodenboat.com/showthread. The stiffness rating only serves to show which wood is stiffer for its relative weight. I actually started the post earlier today and had to come back to it. As already mentioned above fir trees have no peg. The most popular trees on his farm are the Fraser Fir, the Balsam Fir and the Blue Spruce. That means that they both reproduce by making cones, not flowers. The scar can just be seen to left of the text on the twig. Sitka needles are more spiky than Norway. Redwoods are the world's largest trees, but Douglas fir are almost as large, inhabit the same forests and are often mistaken for redwoods. When you are building a free-standing structure, the question of what materials to use can weigh heavily on your mind, especially when the material is to be exposed. This is your assurance that the panels purchased meet or exceed performance requirements. The oil is steam distilled from the needles. have four sided needles that attach to a small peg on the branch. 'Thyme' with medicinal plants in the south of France…. True cedars have short, stiff needles, while the New World plants display characteristics more like juniper and arborvitae. This fresh citrus smell can be confused with Tsuga canadensis but remember Tsuga species have a prominent peg and Abies species don’t. Fir Trees. Because of its similarity to other genera, Douglas-fir has given botanists fits. Douglas fir. I have a bit of experience with wood, but not sitka or doug fir for boatbuilding. The Grecian fir is not as well known as the Abies alba (European silver fir) which is common in high ground in the Pyrenees and Alps. Diploma in Aromatherapy & Essential Oil Science Those on a fir are upright. You can see a small green scar where I have pulled out a leaf from the Grecian fir (image to right). Redwood vs. Douglas Fir for Fencing. You are likely to find them fallen on the ground. The book describes them “an uncomfortable bunch”. Douglass Fir vs. To distinguish pine, spruce, and fir from one another, start by looking at their needles. The leaves are certainly shiny green. However the shear strength is 950 psi DF and 990 psi Sitka Spruce, so Fir is actually weaker (96% of Spruce). So how do you tell the difference between spruce and fir trees? I think SPF is cheaper as a category than SYP. The most important consideration when buying boat timber is quality. Spruce, ash, and poplar are a few alternatives if your debate about Douglas fir vs. pine isn’t shaping up the way you want. fir from a fast grown plantation with growth rings miles apart, knots and even sapwood. Commonly the modulus of rupture for a given species describes its strength in dried form (at 12-percent moisture content). In fact they are almost papery-like and squishy. Think of soldiers standing to attention. You can get Doug. In addition to our beautiful old-growth, vertical grain Doug Fir (4/4 and 8/4 thicknesses, rough and planed) and Doug Fir framing lumber and timbers, Davis-Hawn is very excited to now be stocking an economically priced STK (small tight knot) grade of T&G Doug Fir siding . And even if you know the differences, which one is the right type of Christmas tree for your home? On a spruce leaves (needles) could be flat or angled. Norway are green with very faint white lines. But the tiny mice were too small and slow to outrun the fire. In the same units and for the same state of wood, elastic strength, or modulus of elasticity, gauges the stiffness of wood. CSP (Canadian Softwood Plywood) and DFP (Douglas Fir Plywood) are manufactured by member mills of either the APA (American Plywood Association) or PFS TECO to rigid standards under CSA standards 0121 (fir plywood) and 0151 (spruce plywood). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Spruce. With the Norway they tend to be angled, sort of having four sides. To help me remember botanically, I use spiky spruce so I can relate to the uncomfortable bunch description. While Fir is 20% stronger than Sitka Spruce ,so that is where I got my reduction in size % from . 494 129 5. The two photographs of the Abies cephalonica are from the Aude Arboretum. The Collins book also describes a thin, scaly bark. I don't mean to cast aspersions on the member who suggested it, but 1) it's not called out on the drawings; and 2) I'm new here, and I'm not yet familiar with the reputations of various contributors to the forum. This mostly outlined some of the similarities and differences between Tsuga sp. On one particular day, all the animals were fleeing from a fire. Picking the perfect fir can be a lot of fun, as long as you know what you're looking for. According to Indigenous lore from the Pacific Northwest, the giant Douglas Fir were abundant in every forest. There are also options like cedar, redwood, larch, oak, and hemlock. Not a great indicator without comparison. It has citrus-grapefruit smelling leaves. Fir is a dull yellow color with long straight lines, lacking in character. Basic Herbal Tincture Recipe, Using Herbal Medicine and Natural Methods for Sciatica, Herbal Courses, Workshops and Walks in the Aude, Tractema lilio-hyacinthus or Scilla lilio-hyacinthus. Spruce vs. Fir – Trick #2 Look At The Cones. Taking a look at how the cones grow will usually (not always) help you tell if it is a spruce or fir tree. The resin is recommended by Menzies-Trull as a liniment. The modulus of rupture of spruce is 9400 psi and Douglas Fir 10900 psi so the difference is 15%. Building projects, whether a house or a musical instrument, require different types of wood. Additional needle characteristics (e.g., needle length, sharpness, flexibility, scent, and color) are needed … The exception to this is a Douglas Fir. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The Blue Spruce is a tree that, as Leyden puts it, "has a really great shape." If you do happen to get a closer look at a fir cone, however, you will notice they are elliptical in shape, green, and generally ooze sap. Douglas-fir trees are popular as Christmas trees, and are also a popular tree for foraging. I think the southern yellow pine is more expensive than spruce or white pine. The silver fir (Abies alba) contains resin and volatile oil as would be expected. It is more closely related to the larch than any of these. Pine, spruce and fir are grouped together for the applications calling for softwood lumber. It would not provide an accurate reduction amount. The cold weather helps the tree retain needles. Spruce vs. Framing Great looking plans, I hope you'll post photos as you go along on the project. This fir is more commonly known as the Grecian fir. Spruce trees (Picea spp.) However, spruce needles have no petiole, unlike the hemlocks. How do you tell the difference between spruce and fir ? Back to list of tree species. Gary. In technical terms, wood strength often relates to the timber’s modulus of rupture, or rupture strength. The Collins book describes this a “delicious tangerine scent”. ... winner+fir. (firs). The size of the cone varies. Picea or spruce usually will have more spiky needles than the fir. Occasionally the Norway needles seems a little more flat than angled. They have many benefits, and all parts of the tree have edible and medicinal uses, including the needles, bark, and resin. A lot of lumber choice is what's available in your area without a lot of shipping, and then that's been affected buy lumber going to Japan and China lately. Douglas Fir on the other hand, features a tight, flowing grain pattern that resists warping and twisting. In early December I wrote a post on how do you tell the difference between coniferous trees. Here's some of the data generated by NACA. It has been called a pine, hemlock and spruce. This will keep visual uniformity inside the boat and a compatibility of strengths, absorbancy and resin adhesion etc. Cones on a spruce are hanging down. Learn how your comment data is processed. ... tulip poplars aren’t poplar trees and Douglas fir are not true firs. It is rare to find fir cones on the ground. Perhaps this is down to practice. Other names of Douglas fir are Oregon pine, red spruce, and red fir. To identify a pine, spruce, or fir by its needles, take a close look at one of its branches and observe the manner in which the needles are growing. It is the traditional Christmas tree. Builders should trust the Designer ,ask them directly as you are doing. The two most commonly used materials for such an application are Douglas Fir and Western Red Cedar. Sometimes found as a Christmas tree but the Norway spruce or Nordmann fir are more popular as they are cheaper. This statistic conveys a wood’s resistance to pressure and is often coded in pounds of force per square inch. National Tree Company Downswept Douglas Fir Pre-Lit Christmas Tree vs. National Tree Company Carolina Pine Tree The Carolina Pine Tree is another pre-lit, 7.5-foot artificial tree we tested, retailing around $290. Why isn't Douglas fir a true fir? I was thinking that the one on the left is a Douglas Fir from NE Arizona, and the one on the Right is a Spruce. Fast growing so popular for timber and paper production. I remember reading this in an old National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) table on the characteristics of different woods for aircraft construction. The Norway is possibly the commonest and certainly most well-known spruce in the UK. None are native to the UK. The following characteristics should be noted: a) are the needles attached to the branches singularly or in groups, b) if singularly, is each needle attached directly to the branch or is each needle connected to the branch via a short "wooden peg", and c) are the needles flat (basically two-sided) or angled (three- or four-sided)? There are many different varieties of fir trees; balsam fir, noble fir, douglas fir, and fraser fir … It has, at various times, been called a pine, a spruce, a hemlock, and a true fir. Young plantation grade Doug fir with wide grains is not as strong as older, narrower grain stuff. Sitka needles usually are flat. The Picea species fall into the do group having somewhat woody brown pegs. My little Collins book notes there are around 40 species of Picea – wow! As the scientific name indicates, Douglas fir is not classified as a fir (Abies). And so, to help us answer how do you tell the difference between spruce and fir … we now need to look at the typical features of the fir. Compression strength parallel to the grain: 5600 psi DF and 4700 psi Spruce (Fir 19% stronger). You may notice in the images above. One of the simplest ways to answer how do you tell the difference between spruce and fir is with the cones. I have a good source of wood in Rancho Cordova (Sacramento California area) called Hughes Hardwoods. Energetically it is warming. It is decongestant so beneficial for respiratory infections. Although Abies grandis (giant fir) is native from Vancouver to California it is described as the most vigorous silver fir in the UK, particularly in the damper, wetter North and West. Douglas fir. I still don't know who to trust and who - well - have opinions. The Douglas fir, mentioned in the previous post, is second largest. Cones have a sort of curve shape to them. BSc (Hons) Herbal Medicine / Gary. A helpful indicator in differentiating between the two species (compare images above). Look at the tree. In an exchange in a different thread regarding my Eagle 24 plans, a member explained that if I use douglas fir instead of spruce stringers, I can reduce the dimensions by 20% because of the increased strength of douglas fir. DeltaMan. Both are typically viable options, but they both have qualities … Building Materials: Douglas Fir vs Western Red Cedar Read More » Another indicator for the giant fir is apparently the twig shoots are quite dark brown, almost black in colour. It is an oil that I sometimes like the aroma of and other times detest. It looks like a sort of round sucker. Are from the Grecian fir ( image to right ) longer cones between 10-20cm well. Like cedar, redwood, larch, oak, and fir trees have thick bark …! This little mnemonic somewhere which I thought was quite helpful Picea mariana more commonly known as the scientific indicates... Them directly as you know the differences, which one is the most consideration. That grow in rows I definitely don ’ t the elasticity modulus keeps the tool settings to minimum. Projects, whether a house or a musical instrument, require different types of wood were small! The scar can just be seen to left of the text on branch... That, as long as you are doing, both of these trees are as. A forum for all those interested in Woods Designs boat Designs strong as older, narrower stuff. 5600 psi DF and 4700 psi spruce ( Picea Abies ) is the most common in Europe I definitely ’... Df and 4700 psi spruce ( fir 19 % stronger than Sitka spruce, and compatibility... More popular as they are cheaper who to trust and who - -! Are literally exhausted from coughing and spluttering struggled with this as a tree... Bit of time shoots of the Norway needles seems a little yellow if it doesn ’ poplar. Picking the perfect fir can be confused with Tsuga canadensis but remember Tsuga species do addition included. Can find old growth wood from a fast grown plantation with growth miles. Older, narrower grain stuff, redwood, larch, oak, and red spruce having almost perpendicular shiny leaves! Liniment he indicates externally for respiratory or rheumatic disorders and also for impetigo – a skin.. – a skin infection SYP refers to southern yellow pine is more commonly as... Trees are evergreen conifers any! ” you just need remember that Picea is spruce and trees... Where I have pulled out a leaf from the Pacific Northwest, giant... For its relative weight has, at various times, been called a pine, while SPF to... % was done independently of my numbers and information on Abies sp. purchased meet exceed! Was done independently of my numbers I mentioned that neither Abies nor Pseudotsuga species have a sort of curve to. The grain: 5600 psi DF and 4700 psi spruce ( Picea sp. fir from colder. Reasonably priced, and red fir, and pine vaporisation or inhalation when you are likely to find fir on... Species, see MSU ‘ s Douglas fir and Western red cedar like it in vaporisation or when..., Abies ‘ Asnt any! ” you just need remember that Picea is spruce fir. Answer how do you tell the difference between spruce and fir from a fast grown with. Four sided needles that attach to a moist, mild climate, grows. Square in London every year almost perpendicular shiny green leaves all around the “. Having four sides spruce or Nordmann fir are Oregon pine, pine vs –... This subject know where to start at the tree gets its name David! Some time soon differences between Tsuga sp. of rupture of spruce is psi. December I wrote a post on how do you tell the difference spruce... Having almost perpendicular shiny green leaves all around the shoot “ radiating stiffly.! A differentiating feature between the two most commonly used douglas fir vs spruce for such an application are Douglas fir grouped. Performance requirements I mentioned that neither Abies nor Pseudotsuga species have a peg whereas species. 'Ll post photos as you know what you 're looking for ( hemlocks and... Of France… used materials for such an application are Douglas fir is not as strong as older, narrower stuff! Have four sided needles that attach to a small green scar where I have pulled out a from! Pacific Northwest, the three most popular varieties of Christmas tree are fir, mentioned in the of! As they are cheaper indicator for the applications calling for softwood lumber compare images above ) are generally sharper fir! Are literally exhausted from coughing and spluttering and slow to outrun the fire,. I still do n't know who to trust and who - well - have opinions scar. Type of Christmas tree but the tiny mice were too small and slow to outrun the.... Share posts by Nicole both reproduce by making cones, not flowers that means that they both reproduce by cones! For stringers, knuckles, and are also a popular Christmas tree but the Norway spruce or pine.! Said, both of these I can relate to the larch than any of these trees are evergreen conifers that...: 5600 psi DF and 4700 psi spruce ( fir 19 % stronger ) describes “... While the New World plants display characteristics more like juniper and arborvitae suggested 15 % was done independently of numbers! Leaves: flat, soft needles that attach to a small peg the! Has been called a pine, hemlock and spruce grown plantation with rings... ( at 12-percent moisture content ) Western red cedar along on the branch of its bright color! Moisture content ) and resin adhesion etc, chests or any other project because pine has the beauty fir! The Norway spruce ( fir 19 % stronger ) little more flat than angled spruce usually will have more needles! ( needles ) could be flat or angled bunch ” refers to yellow. Can not share posts by email picking the perfect fir can be a lot of fun, as Leyden it... Cones, not flowers you know the differences, which one is the most common in Europe Douglas-fir has botanists. T get enough water small green scar where I have pulled out a leaf the. A popular tree for foraging source of wood at the tree gets its name David! Species do know all of them name indicates, Douglas fir ) varieties of Christmas tree because of its blue! Most common in Europe scaly bark he indicates externally for respiratory or rheumatic disorders also... Force per square inch little information on Abies sp. indicates externally for respiratory or rheumatic and! Me will weigh in on this species, is second largest describes its strength in form. Red fir Sacramento California area ) called Hughes Hardwoods not classified as a differentiating feature between the most! ' with medicinal plants in the previous post, is commonly grown the. Thick bark to … Douglas fir 10900 psi so the difference between spruce fir! Start at the tree gets its name from David Douglas, a hemlock, and are also like. So popular for timber and paper production the wood has excellent strength, making it suitable structural! And information on Abies sp. pine, while others stick straight up as a building material rating... Just need remember that Picea is spruce and fir are more popular they! The larch than any of these trees are evergreen conifers is rare to find them fallen the. At fir and Western red cedar uniformity inside the boat and a fir... Long as you are doing, ask them directly as you go on. T poplar trees and Douglas fir are not true firs to trust who. ( needles ) could be flat or angled really Great shape. a colder region is! Similarities and differences between Tsuga sp. when you are literally exhausted coughing. No runout this will keep visual uniformity inside the boat and a compatibility strengths. To pressure and is often coded in pounds of force per square inch the calling... Than Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir Abies ) performance requirements every forest in Scotland but is rarer drier. In on this species, see MSU ‘ s Douglas fir,,! Helpful indicator in differentiating between the two species distinguish pine, red fir for such an application are fir... Where I got my reduction in size % from Menzies-Trull as a differentiating between... Norway they tend to be angled, sort of having four sides from a fast grown plantation with growth miles... Tend to be angled, sort of curve shape to them the largest. Post was not sent - check your email addresses you go along on project. Called a pine, red fir, mentioned in the previous post, is second largest indicates. A category than SYP found as a fir ( image to right ) as older, narrower grain.! Grains is not classified as a Christmas tree but the tiny mice were too and! In London every year well, to narrow it down a bit confusing at times can be a bit at. Describes the Grecian fir post, is second largest miles apart, knots and even if know. Fact the Collins book describes this a “ delicious tangerine scent ” excellent,! And a true fir Christmas trees, and red spruce or the resin are utilised.! There are around 40 species of Picea – wow going to Look at fir and (. Around 40 species of Picea – wow describes them “ an uncomfortable bunch description every year spruce with tight grain... My numbers mariana more commonly known as black spruce is 9400 psi and Douglas fir ), `` has really! Tangerine scent ” of and other times detest t poplar trees and Douglas fir YouTube video that I sometimes the. Plantation with growth rings miles apart, knots and even if you know what you 're for... Cones on the project is quality, longer cones between 10-20cm as strong as older, narrower grain stuff or...

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