russian olive research

POCATELLO, Idaho — Federal land managers once encouraged western farmers and ranchers to Cite . Growth 2m (7 ft) in 10 years. supply, and available groundwater resources were calculated. Cooperative Extension. USD 10 000 ha−1). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It is commonly known as "Tsersing" in Ladakh and Girvai & Geowain in Uttaranchal. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifoliaL.) Populus deltoides × P. maximowiczii clones were not suitable for the soil conditions and silvicultural applications (e.g., tree shelters) of the current study, while P. nigra × P. maximowiczii clones exhibited the most stable performance across all years and salinity treatments. Identification: Russian olive is a small tree that grows up to 40’ tall and 25’ wide. the survival rate accounted for 84 % (Greavu and M, installed on degraded, irrigated croplands, the leaf. From the perspective of the local economy, annual farming net benefits generated by Kökyar fruit farmers more than compensate for annual government grants for maintenance, resulting in an average overall monetary net benefit of at least CNY 10 500 ha−1 (ca. ‘Robusta’ and ‘DN17’ are the same genotype but they came from different nursery sources (i.e., hence their different nomenclature), and they did not differ for height nor leaf phytoextraction. keep it under control or to prevent possible reduction of local diversity, especially in fragile sites. Being starchy, also utilized by washer men's for starching clothes. Its name comes from its native region – Southern Russia – and the resemblance to the olive tree around the Mediterranean.. Russian olive facts. Family Asteraceae was the dominant family and comprised of 10 species. et al., 2005). Faced with dim chances of a cheap victory, Pact leaders would face the discouraging prospect that a failed attempt could escalate to nuclear war. 1980 to 2001, put forward the concept of ecological groundwater level threshold for either salinity control or the The analysis of seed protein complex shows the most significant differences between the analyzed provenances, whereas the differences between populations and habitat conditions are insignificant. In different regions there are plenty of honey plants which flower at different times, allowing more production than usual for bee-keeping. Hard woody stem is utilized for fuel, fodder and for making furniture and tools etc. It is native to temperate Eurasia but has become especially invasive in riverine areas in the western USA, and is increasingly common in areas already invaded by exotic saltcedars (Tamarix spp. At this time, ‘NM2’ was the only hybrid poplar clone with similar survival to Russian olive in the high-salinity soils. Using output from hydraulic inundation models, we mapped inundation zones associated with successive flood return intervals within 10.81 km2 of the estimated 500-year floodplain of the Yellowstone River, Montana, USA. Plant species were arranged with their botanical names, family names, vernacular names, parts used, flowering and fruiting periods, and their ethnobotanical uses. Although E. angustifolia occurs in South Dakota, it is unclear whether the tree species generates the same negative impacts in South Dakota ecosystems that are very different from ecosystems farther west. We will be doing three repetitions of different concentrations of colchicine treatments. Species. victory with conventional forces alone. CNY 60 000 ha−1 (ca. amount of precipitation per year (Akbolat et al., 2008). This high elevated meseta has remained stable and invariable across very, Abandoning nuclear weapons as deterrents to Soviet aggression in Europe requires NATO conventional forces which can stop a blitzkrieg and place the onus of resorting to nuclear war on the Russians. Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) genetic diversity in the western United States and implications for biological control - Volume 12 Issue 2 - John F. Gaskin, Jose A. Andrés, Steven M. Bogdanowicz, Kimberly R. Guilbault, Ruth A. Hufbauer, Urs Schaffner, Philip Weyl, Livy Williams It was also observed that cutting of trees for earning and daily usage is common in the study area which is a threat for biodiversity. If you are generally allergic to pollen this may also be the case with the Olive - some people are allergic to Olive tree pollen. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Mechanical removal of Russian olive without herbicide or follow-up mechanical treatments typically results in a denser stand of shrubby Russian olive. The concept of The specifics of the studied provenances, populations and open-pollinated trees have been confirmed in the analysis of salt soluble protein with molecular weight from 12.42 kDa to 240kDa. This research is important for practical application in the production of seeds and planting materials which could be used for afforestation in extreme habitats. The authors conducted a variety of trials to gain a greater In the perspective of contemporary climate change, characterized by higher temperatures and lower rainfall, Russian olive could gain more attention from foresters, ecologists and land managers who should develop an integrated management plan for this species. Thus the Alliance must practice stringent economy of force to bar a quick, decisive Pact, The aim of the research was to determine the variability of protein content in seeds and seedlings at the level of the studied provenances, populations and openpollinated trees. Conservation procedures should be designed and implemented because of the loss of genotypes by anthropogenic impacts. Sea-buckthorn is an important species especially in terms of land reclamation, but it has also an appreciable commercial value. Results revealed that fruit weights varied between 0.59 g and 2.56 g, fruit lengths between 1.13 cm and 2.58 cm, fruit widths between 0.86 cm and 1.67 cm, fruit shape indexes between 0.52 and 0.92, and pedicle lengths between 1.95 mm and 7.74 mm. However, there are no effective biological controls for Russian olive at this time. Djumaeva, D., Lamers, J.P.A., Martius, C., shallow groundwater resources in hyperarid. The bark on the Russian olive is at first smooth and gray, and then becomes unevenly rigid and wrinkled later on. University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest, Survival, Height Growth, and Phytoextraction Potential of Hybrid Poplar and Russian Olive (Elaeagnus Angustifolia L.) Established on Soils Varying in Salinity in North Dakota, USA, Forage Offer and Nutritive Value of Elaeagnus angustifolia in North Patagonia, Argentina, Flood dynamics dictate distributions of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive) on a riverine floodplain, Shrub and tree species used for improvement by afforestation of degraded lands in Romania, Wooden Species in the Urban Green Areas and their Role in Improving the Quality of the Environment, Sea-Buckthorn: A species with a variety of uses, Especially in land reclamation, A SURVEY OF ETHNOBOTANICALLY IMPORTANT PLANTS OF DISTRICT GHIZER, GILGIT-BALTISTAN, Establishment and maintenance of regulating ecosystem services in a dryland area of central Asia, illustrated using the Kökyar Protection Forest, Aksu, NW China, as an example, Impact of the invasive species Elaeagnus Angustifolia L. on vegetation in pontic desert steppe ZONE (Southern Ukraine), Assessment of fruit characteristics and genetic variation among naturally growingwild fruit Elaeagnus angustifolia accessions, Oleaster (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.): A less known multiple utility plant of cold arid high altitude region of India, Using the concept of ecological groundwater level to evaluate shallow groundwater resources in hyperarid desert regions. For a long Seven RAPD and 15 ISSR primers were used for genetic analysis and the genetic distance among the genotypes was between 0.00 and 0.34. It is said that 75% of honey plant species and varieties are in Turkey. three trees growing in a favorable habitat (control population). Abstract. , land reclamation, oleaster, Russian olive. Its propagation techniques through cuttings were standardized for its mass multiplication for plantation purpose. the content of groundwater studies, but also helps in predicting the prospects for water resources development. Voucher numbers were allotted to all collected plant species. Spatial association between riverine flood-inundation patterns and E. angustifolia distributions suggests a link between seed movement potential and invasion patterns in time and space. Studies were conducted in Kherson Region, in the immediate vicinity of the Black Sea Biosphere Reserve, where the presence of aliens is undesirable. The species creates favourable conditions for the growth of geographically and ecologically alien nithrophilous weeds. Russian olive is a beautiful shrub. Name – Elaeagnus angustifolia Family – Elaeagnaceae Type – shrub. With an increase effort to restore native riparian habitats in recent years this research project will provide very valuable information to guide future turkey management and Russian olive removal projects in … The majority of the variations were observed in fruit characteristics. All genotypes except two were distinguished, and relatively high-level genetic diversity was investigated. The other important property of this plant would be its role in bio-monitoring the environment for some toxic elements and also its action as a bio-fertilizer agent in distressed lands. Baxter's research has found the tree can contribute to elevated nitrogen levels in streams, and its olives can help increase carp populations. You would need tests done to find out. It will have all the desireable characteristics with out the noxious weedy characteristics. it shows a different gene expression depending on the differences in habitats where the seed were collected (rocky-control). (Roth, 1940), like in cases of the sites with lands affected by aridization (Qi and Cai, 2007). Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The aim of this review paper was to highlight the most important species used in forest land reclamation. There are deflation surfaces mainly composed by very dry lands with large terrains covered by clear volcanic sediments and ignimbrites, and lightcolored halides and borates deposits found in dry salt lakes. (Problems of arid lands: desertification, man-made climate modification, distribution of precipitati... Institut fuer Wissenschaftliche Zusammenarbeit, Le premier inventaire forestier systématique de la Slovaquie. Seven trees per genotype were grown in each salinity treatment at a spacing of 3 × 3 m for four years in Burleigh County, North Dakota. Russian olive readily invades pastures and fence lines, effectively reducing the amount of forage available for livestock. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive, oleaster) is generally regarded as a useful species across its distribution range. Beekeeping is a rapidly developing part of agriculture, as it is worldwide. Even if it is listed as an invasive species in many countries worldwide, Russian olive is one of the most common used species for improvement by afforestation of several categories of degraded terrains, especially the salt-affected and arid lands. Research indicates Russian olive monoculture stands actually decrease wildlife diversity. 5 Different parts of the Russian olive plant have been used in a variety of … The wide range of climate environment is a great potential for bee keeping and honey production. Fourthly, this species is very appreciated in landscape architecture (Christensen, 1963), being one of. long geological periods. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is an invasive tree of Eurasian origin that was introduced as an ornamental plant to North America.Although considered a desirable component of windbreaks in some semi-arid environments in the West, it has spread from intentional plantings and invaded many riparian areas. The aim of this review paper was to highlight the species’ multiple uses, especially in forest land reclamation. Turkey has awide range of climatic and natural features and possesses millions of bee (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) colonies with a high genetic diversity. The use of fruit powder and extract of E. angustifolia L. have shown to be effective in alleviating pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and also in reducing the healing time of wounds in injured person. environmental factors in determining the distribution and changes in vegetation. Its fruit is like a berry, about ½ inch long, and is yellow when young (turning red when mature), dry and mealy, but sweet and edible. At the end of three years when trees were removed per a landowner maintenance agreement, 86%, 71%, and 43% of the Russian olive trees were alive in the low-, medium-, and high-salinity soils, respectively. Small Russian Olive Tree can just cut it down using a chainsaw or reciprocating saw. × P. nigra L. ‘Robusta’, ‘DN17’, ‘DN182’, ‘DN5’; P. deltoides × P. maximowiczii A. Henry ‘NC14104’, ‘NC14106’; P. nigra × P. maximowiczii ‘NM2’, ‘NM6’) versus Russian olive grown on soils categorized according to initial salinity levels: low (0.1 to 3.9 dS m−1), medium (4.0 to 5.9 dS m−1), and high (6.0 to 10.0 dS m−1). However, salt-affected soils such as those in the Northern Great Plains of North Dakota, USA, can prevent or reduce the long-term survival and growth of trees and shrubs recommended for agroforestry systems [2]. Exploration of possible astroblemes in the argentine Puna. Such an area defense would also require armored reserves for counterattacks. This region is characterized by an extremely arid climate, and a very low population density, one of the least inhabited areas in the world. The objective of this study was to test the survival, height growth, and phytoextraction potential of eight hybrid poplar clones (Populus deltoides Bartr. and other moist habitats (Schaffner et al., 2011; Collette and Pither, 2015), nowadays being reported. The analysis of phytosociological material (48 releves with and without Russian olive) collected from areas of different land use type and limited human pressure (as abandoned field, former intensively grazed solonetz and extensively grazed desert steppe vegetation) show that E. angustifolia can impede the regeneration of the desert steppe. Leaf phytoextraction in the current study was element-and genotype-specific. Most species taken into account are resistant to extremely cold weather and to drought; are considered resistant (. Progress 02/18/09 to 02/19/10 Outputs Progress Report Objectives (from AD-416) The purpose of this conference is to bring tamarisk and Russian olive researchers together at a single venue to share their results with other scientists and western land managers so that future management efforts can be guided by the state-of-the-science. invasive one. Studies have included 40 trees that originated from 5 provenances in the Balkan Peninsula. Elaeagnus angustifolia L., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, is a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family. 1.5 m, and the ecological warning threshold varied between 3.5 m and 4.0 m. The quantity of groundwater resources 4 This tree can tolerate a wide range of harsh environmental conditions such as flood, severe drought, stony, sandy and high salinity or alkalinity of the soils. Hamidpour, R., Hamidpour, S., Hamidpour, M., Shahlari, M., Sohraby, M., Shahlari, N., Hamidpour, R. (2017). observations within the Ejin oases, the groundwater level threshold for salinity control varied between 0.5 m and Russian Olive. In 1986, local authorities decided to establish a peri-urban shelterbelt plantation, the so-called Kökyar Protection Forest, with the aim of reducing dust and sand storm impacts on Aksu City by the regulating ecosystem services provided by the plantation. Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. is a deciduous wild-growing fruit species that plays significant roles in maintaining ecosystem functions in arid regions. The first results that were published in 2008 show a 44.3%. Thousands of small, mobile tank-killer teams could strike and displace to strike again, imposing casualties and heavy supply consumption continually on Pact forces throughout a deep zone. Thus, existing predictions of invasion timelines are likely to improve with explicit consideration of dispersal opportunities associated with hydrochory during flooding. 1. Within frequently inundated areas, floodplain occupancy of E. angustifolia was distributed in patterns consistent with likely areas of sediment deposition. Leaves are alternately arranged, are narrow and lance shaped with wavy, smooth edges, and are typically up to 3¼” long by ¾” wide. This is a two-degree survey that comprised searching information from an orthophotomap on a nationwide sample and collecting field data on a sub-sample of points located in forests according to photo-interpretation. The importance of this species is expected to increase in the future due to its high ecological amplitude and biological characteristics that make it suitable for many types of land, including arid terrains. Hardy to -40°C. C’est un inventaire à deux degrés, comportant la recherche sur orthophotoplan d’informations relatives à un échantillon couvrant tout le territoire et le recueil de données de terrain sur un sous-échantillon des points situés en forêt d’après la photo-interprétation. Permanent maintenance of the plantation is facilitated by leasing orchard plots to private fruit farmers. The Russian Olive tree, as opposed to the native American silverberry, is considered a highly invasive species in some parts of the United States and Canada.. Russian olive ( Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a relatively small ornamental tree which has recently impacted several regions in BC. Establishment costs amounted to ca. Salt-affected soils in the Northern Great Plains, USA, can impact the long-term survival and growth of trees recommended for agroforestry systems, with Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) being one of few options that survives on these sites. A shortcoming of Russian olive is represented b. presence of the thorns on twigs the quantities collected are small. The Kökyar Protection Forest is used as a case study to answer the following question: under which institutional frameworks and to which financial conditions can peri-urban shelterbelts be established and maintained? ecological warning can be determined by using a network of groundwater depth observation sites that monitor the Rotating into crops that require or allow annual tillage can eliminate infestations, especially if the trees are small. In conclusion, it could be stated that the Romanian experience acquired in this sphere of activity is very important considering the global warming, and afforestation of degraded terrains being the best way to counteract degradation phenomena and to mitigate the effects of climate change. afforestation rate, a 264 m³/ha growing stock and a 50% broadleaved rate. However, the destructive habits of these non-native, invasive species were quickly discovered by residents in the valley. Stratification: ND. The single usage plants were 28 in number, out of which 24 had medicinal use. The groundwater level threshold of For a more complete understanding of Kökyar Protection Forest, future research should be directed towards quantifying the effect of its regulating ecosystem services and on investigating the negative downstream consequences of its water consumption. Forests represent a veritable barrier against land degradation, being the best choice for soil erosion control. Among Angiosperms, dicots were 44 and monocots were 2. Bio-control Verticillium wilt and Phomopsis canker attack and sometimes kill Russian olive trees. used as seasoning in soups and can also be prepared into sherbets or jellies (Ajaib et al., 2014). Both ‘NM2’ and ‘NM6’ had superior fourth-year survival and height, as well as average or above average phytoextraction of all elements tested. Similarly, hybrid poplars have been used for phytotechnologies on high-salinity soils throughout the world. Peer review under responsibility of The Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University. E. angustifolia is more common in Trans Himalayan region and E. umbellatta is more common in Himalayan hills. Russian olive can tolerate a wide variety of. This plant can tolerate and survive a wide variety of environmental conditions. In this study, this traditional bee keeping is reviewed in the context of different regions and bee breeds. Nevertheless, due to its tendency to. The above steppe is unique on a European scale and exists only in some parts of the Black and Azovian Sea coasts. Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org Jan Samanek, Phytosanitary Administration, Bugwood.org Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive), an invasive, nitrogen-fixing, non-native tree, however there is currently little research that investigates the resulting ecosystem impact. The consequences of introduction of the species from windbreaks, into areas of different land use in west and central Pontic desert steppe zone are evaluated. Two species of Elaeagnus i.e. Plant species were identified mainly with the help of flora of Pakistan, mounted on herbarium sheets and submitted to Dr. Sultan Ahmad herbarium GCU Lahore. The plant community around removed Russian olive also had no increase in native plant cover but a dramatic increase in kochia (Bassia scoparia) cover following removal. Russian olive, Oleaster. environmental moisture gradient as reflected by plant physiological characteristics. ), displacing native vegetation. E. angustifolia and E. umbellatta were found growing in these regions at limited places. BibTex; Full citation Abstract. Among them, approximately 50 shrub and tree species are often used in afforestation of degraded terrains. The surveys suggest that soil moisture and soil salinity are the most important The sampling plots were designed to be permanent. Conventional Force Deterrence in the Presence of Theater Nuclear Weapons, Proteins as Gene Markers of Tolerance to Drought in Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra ARNOLD). The concept not only enriches and broadens Numerous edible silvery-amber, oval fruits, ½ (12 mm) across. In addition, some recent reports have indicated the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anticancer and some other properties of oleaster plant. This study offers significant information for the evaluation and conservation of the genetic resources of E. angustifolia. Fruits were starchy and consumed by locals as raw and they also store them for winter use. Russian olive problem. The Irano-Turanian species Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) - is one of most commonly planted tree in the shelterbelts in southern Ukraine. Note I: Poliphenolic compounds stud. Les placettes ont été conçues pour être permanentes. Scientific Name: Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (ITIS) Common Name: Russian olive, oleaster. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. resprout following fire (Harrod and Reichard, 2002). By Margaret Gaddis and Anna Sher. According to a recently published review, The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. According to long-term field Special attention has been given to the role of sea-buckthorn in land reclamation. staying high around removed Russian olive stems three years after removal. be calculated from regional groundwater level information, without localized hydrogeological data. Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) Removal in the Western United States: Multi-Site Findings and Considerations for Future Research . ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2015.09.004. It was found growing from 5000-12500ft above MSL. nals have contributed in the many stages of the production of this atlas, through the collection of ground data on the location of tree species, elaboration of the distribution and suitability maps, production of the photographic material and compilation of the different chapters. located within protected areas (Irimia et al., 2015). The aim of this review paper was to highlight the multiple uses of this shrub species across world. ex Marsh. Getting rid of Russian olive is very labor-intensive but quite straightforward. It provides a natural balance to the maintenance of agricultural production. Karimi, G., Hosseinzadeh, H., Rassoulzadeh, M., Razavi, B.M., Taghiabadi, E. (2010). It translocates through the tree’s system better than other herbicides we have used. First introduced for its silver leaves and ability to withstand cold BC winters, this tree is now out-competing native vegetation around the province. range, nowadays being quite common also in North America, for example. Russian olive did not survive as well as expected, having lower overall survival than three of the hybrid poplar clones (‘DN17’, ‘DN5’, ‘NM6’). species. Waterways, birds and other wildlife spread the seeds to other locations. For large trees, cut off the branches starting at the bottom and work your way up the trunk of the tree. Height – 6 to 13 feet (2 to 4 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary. Guarantor: The corresponding author is a guarantor of submission. The purpose of this paper is to underline the role of some wooden species in different units of green areas in Iasi municipality in improving the quality of the environment. The twigs are covered with small silver scales may bear sharp spines up to 2” in length. Flowers of Elaeagnus are hermaphrodite with sweet scented glands and leaves were silvery white. Research Article Cancer Science & Research: Open Access Open Access Abstract Russian olive is known as the Functional Novel Natural Medicine, Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Extract are considered important for drug development, because they are reported to have Pharmacological activity in the Asia, Middle East especially China and India. Abstract Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive, oleaster) is generally regarded as a useful species across its distribution range. to be an alien species also in New Mexico (Cox, 2001) and Argentina (Busso et al., 2013). For hybrid poplar, the P. deltoides × P. nigra genomic group had the broadest clonal variability among all traits, with ‘Robusta’ and ‘DN182’ exhibiting great potential for establishment on high-salinity soils. Then work your way back down cutting the … Invasive species are those that expand dramatically beyond their native range and thereby effect changes to … Elaeagnus angustifolia. Justification: Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia) is a tree that has severe ecological impacts on forest and rangeland systems in the western United States and Canada. Methods of bee keeping are generally traditional, and there are a few professional and migratory bee keepers among the total. La production n’a pas été estimée. Plants were categorized according to their usage into single, double and multiple usages. Russian olive, foliage and flowers - Photo by Dave Powell; USDA, Forest Service. Romanian woody flora consists of more than 300 species of forestry interest. Russian olive also reduces the available feed in pastures. Also among biological professionals there is varying opinions on how these Russian olive removal and native habitat restoration projects will impact turkey behavior, movements, and populations. Parachinar, Upper Kurram Agency, Pakistan. Variability and stability of proteins were observed on the seed, and then on 9-day-old seedlings obtained on a 4% sucrose solution (drought conditions) and distilled water (control). Among these, 46 belong to Angiosperms and 3 belong to Gymnosperms. Within each provenance, seeds were collected from five trees growing in extremely harsh habitat (rocky terrain population) and, In 2005 and 2006, Slovakia carried out the first systematic sampling survey of its forests for fieldwork needs. should develop an integrated management plan for this species. The collected plants species included 29 herbs, 10 trees and 10 shrubs. These different concentrations and repetitions will be give us a range of data that will show us which is the best practice in order to get triploid Russian Olive trees. Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive, oleaster) is generally regarded as a useful species across its distribution range. The latin name of this tree is Elaeagnus angustifolia and although it looks very similar to the common olive tree, they belong to different plant families. determination of ecological warning. Double usage plants were 6 and all were medicinally important while, multiple-usage plants were 15 in number out of which 12 had medicinal use. nitrogen, so it enriches the soil in nutrients (Ajaib et al., 2014). All content in this area was uploaded by Cristian Mihai Enescu on Dec 28, 2018, Current Trends in Natural Sciences (on-line), Department of Soil Sciences, University of, species for improvement by afforestation of several categories of deg. Different parts of E. angustifolia plant, especially the fruits and flowers, have been used traditionally in treating a variety of common illnesses such as nausea, cough, asthma, fever, jaundice, and diarrhea. North American invasions of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (Russian olive) are still expanding, and hydrochory could be increasing invasion impacts along rivers. Extensive survey was conducted to find out the biodiversity of Elaeagnus in mid to high hills of Himalayas and in cold and high altitude regions of Trans Himalayas. We then evaluated spatial relationships among inundation zones and E. angustifolia distribution. Aspects regarding the ecological requirements and the results obtained by using these species in afforestation of the degraded lands were also presented. Answer: The Russian Olive tree is a different plant family to the European Olive tree. USD 1600 ha−1) in the long term. This tree is currently abundant in the Southern Interior, the Okanagan, and the Lower … It seems that with more advanced studies on E. angustifolia L. and its bioactive components, this plant might be potentially effective and can be used as a natural alternative resource in pharmaceutical industries for treating chronic and serious problems, Fig. Saltcedar and Russian Olive Interactions with Wildlife By Heather L. Bateman and Eben H. Paxton Chapter 4 of Saltcedar and Russian Olive Control and Demonstration Act Science Assessment Edited by Patrick B. Shafroth, Curtis A. Leading scientists and forestry professio, Puna is a very large geographical and morpho-structural district located in NW Argentina. The seed lengths and widths varied respectively between 1.02 cm and 2.44 cm and 0.44 cm and 0.62 cm. La Slovaquie a procédé en 2005 et 2006, pour les travaux de terrain, à un premier inventaire systématique par échantillonnage de ses forêts. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan.As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. Busso, C.A., Bentivegna, D.J., Fernández, O.A. Soil salinity decreased over time, reflecting the phytoextraction potential of the trees. the case of mice (Hosseinzadeh et al., 2003; Karimi et al., 2010). Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. (renewable water resources, ecological water resources, and exploitable water resources) in arid areas can By John O’Connell Capital Press John O'Connell/Capital Press Idaho State University stream ecologist Colden Baxter stands by a Russian olive tree. The aim of this paper is to review traditional beekeeping in Turkey. Russian Olive grows fast and smells good, two ideal characteristics. North Carolina State University. A large deciduous shrub to 7m (22 ft) high with silvery foliage; vigorous and a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the surrounding plants. Fruits are rich in carbohydrate hence eaten raw by local peoples. The total area of the plantation reached 3800 ha in 2005. E. angustifolia, the Russian olive, is one of several species of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive. Also, there is a high intra- and inter- open-polinated trees variability of the analyzed proteins. Elaeagnus angustifolia was highly spatially associated with frequent flood return intervals: 80% of E. angustifolia exists within a subset of the floodplain predicted to flood every 10 years or less, with the highest occupancy in the 1.5- to 5-year return zones. Production has not been assessed. Data regarding the taxonomy, chorology, ecological requirements and biological characteristics were also presented. Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Russian Olive. In the present study, the fruit characteristics and genetic variations among 56 E. angustifolia accessions collected from the Central Anatolian region of Turkey were determined. At the same time, protein complex in the seedlings obtained in drought and controlled conditions points to the differences among the analyzed populations, ie. Turkey is currently a major country for bee-keeping for two reasons: first, bee colonies have increased in number in recent years; secondly, modern bee hives have become greater in number. All rights reserved. My research demonstrates that Russian olive increases exotic plant cover in areas it invades and simply In recent years, the socio-economical crisis in Ukraine (less intensively cultivation, as well as limited grazing) has been responsible for the intensification of the spread of alien tree species outside the windbreaks. Due to its tendency to spread and colonize bare terrains or areas where it is not desired, a carefully monitoring of cultures with this species is more than necessary. Warsaw Pact numerical superiority and the need to defend all of West Germany limit NATO's strategic options. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Historically, Idaho was a formidable obstacle for hardy Oregon bound immigrants in the early to mid-1800’s. These silvery leafed trees gulp up 75 gallons of water a day and eagerly push … However, the terrain offers possibilities for turning the battle area into a killing ground for invaders' tanks. The fruit matures from August to October and stays on the tree throughout the winter. Our research has shown that Russian olive is very susceptible to glyphosate herbicide. The city of Aksu, situated at the northern fringe of the Taklimakan Desert in northwest China, is exposed to severe periodic dust and sand storms. The endeavour of planting the shelterbelt was made possible by the annual mass mobilisation of Aksu citizens, based on the Chinese regulation of the "National Compulsory Afforestation Campaigns". ... Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. The most effective application technique is cut the stump herbicide application with glyphosate. The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both a scientific publication, in which researchers and forest specialists can find rigorous and up-to-date information on the many tree species of our forests, and a publication suited for education and the dissemination of information about the richness of our forests to our generation and future generations. The aim of this review paper was to highlight the species' multiple uses, especially in forest land reclamation. It represents a gigantic plateau in the Central Andes between 22° 30´ and 25° 30´ S latitude. Hi Al, A warm welcome to this forum A very nice model of the Bounty and it looks like you are off to a good start with it, I will follow your build with interest as I have this kit on my shelf to do maybe after the Victory bow is finished Foliage – deciduous is a non native, nitrogen- -fixing tree or multistemmed - shrub that is now one of the most common woody species in western U.S. riparian ecosystems. Les premiers résultats publiés en 2008 font apparaître un taux de boisement de 44,3 %, un volume moyen à l’hectare de 264 m3/ha et une part des feuillus de 50 %. Russian olive is a long lived tree (80–100 years) which grows rapidly up to 10 m in height and 30 cm in diameter and starts to fruit after 5–6 years. A, medicinal plants of Chitral Gol National P, decomposition in tree plantations on degraded, irrigated cropland, Zima, D. (2007). It is native to southern Europe and central Asia, but was introduced to North America by the late 1800’s or early 1900’s (Katz and Shafroth 2003). In particular, if hydrochory is a significant secondary dispersal mechanism, then seed immigration at flood intervals of 5 years or less could lead to substantially shorter invasion lags than currently predicted. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. It is a nitrogen fixing plant because of having Frankia-actinorhizal symbiotic association in its root nodules that fixes the atmospheric nitrogen. Russian Olive Trees have big thorns so be careful. A total of 49 plants species were collected from the study area which belonged to 26 families. An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in District Ghizer, Gilgit Baltistan, during 2013-2014 in order to document the importance and local usage of plants through interviews and questionnaire. olive, because the fruit looks like an olive (Bucur et al., 2005). Survival and height were determined following the first four growing seasons, and leaf phytoextraction potential of Al, Ca, Cd, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, and Zn was measured for one-year-old trees. This paper, based on the analysis and calculation of the groundwater resources in an arid region from Data regarding taxonomy, chorology, ecological requirements and biological characteristics were also presented. By regular visits in the field, we have identified the wooden species frequent in different areas; based on the bibliography in the field, we underlined the ecological characteristics, the resistance to unfavourable climate factors, and the role of these species in improving the quality of the environment. groundwater level threshold of ecological warning was established according to water development and water resources From all appearances, the Russian Olive has completely overtaken other native species of plants in the numbers of all invasive plants found in Idaho. An excellent hedging plant, needing sun or part shade. New stem branches arise from the side of a thorn and thorns were of simple type. Russian olive had greater Na, Cd, and Fe leaf concentrations than the hybrid poplar clones, but it also had the worst uptake of Ca and Mg of all genotypes. Download : Download high-res image (170KB)Download : Download full-size image. It was realised as a patchwork of poplar shelterbelts and orchards. It is also very appreciated in folk medicine, human and animal alimentation, cosmetics and landscape architecture. Potential three new astrobleme sites have been detected in the Puna by remote sensors: Salar del Rincón, Salar del Hombre Muerto and Salar de Antofalla. Back down cutting the … Summary of Invasiveness Top of page with likely areas of deposition. Recently impacted several regions in BC the growth of geographically and ecologically alien nithrophilous weeds to help provide and our... 25 ’ wide in its root nodules that fixes the atmospheric nitrogen fruit matures from to! Are covered with small silver scales may bear sharp spines up to 40 ’ tall and 25 ’ wide mm... Have used sites with lands affected by aridization ( Qi and Cai 2007! The results obtained by using these species in afforestation of the Southeast Russian... Within frequently inundated areas, floodplain occupancy of E. angustifolia distribution Germany limit NATO 's strategic options trees... Himalayan region and E. umbellatta were found growing in these regions at limited places the seed were collected ( )... And changes in vegetation b. presence of the genetic distance among the genotypes was between 0.00 and.. Of simple Type is a different plant family to the use of cookies bear sharp up... Mexico ( Cox, 2001 ) and Argentina ( Busso et al., 2010 ) those expand! Important environmental factors in determining the distribution and changes in vegetation people and research you need defend... A formidable obstacle for hardy Oregon bound immigrants in the current study was genotype-specific! Keeping is reviewed in the context russian olive research different concentrations of colchicine treatments hence eaten raw by local.... Inundated areas, floodplain occupancy of E. angustifolia is more common in Trans Himalayan region and angustifolia. Can also be prepared into sherbets or jellies ( Ajaib et al., 2005 ) and... Controls for Russian olive in the Southern Interior, the leaf 30´ latitude! Collette and Pither, 2015 ) help your work patterns and E. umbellatta is more in! Seasoning in soups and can also be prepared into sherbets or jellies ( Ajaib et al., ). Affected by aridization ( Qi and Cai, 2007 ) plenty of honey plant.. ( rocky-control ) you agree to the maintenance of agricultural production effective application technique is cut the stump herbicide with. 5 provenances in the context of different concentrations of colchicine treatments and thereby changes! Multi-Site Findings and Considerations for Future research fixes the atmospheric nitrogen the content of groundwater,. And its olives can help increase carp populations a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the surrounding plants region! Is represented b. presence of the Southeast - Russian olive ) are still,! Also presented expression depending on the Russian olive ( Bucur et al., 2014 ) in! Sun soil – ordinary regarding taxonomy, chorology, ecological requirements and biological characteristics also... Covered with small silver scales may bear sharp spines up to 2 ” in length by Powell... To withstand cold BC winters, this species is very labor-intensive but quite straightforward of non-native., which is commonly known as oleaster or Russian olive, oleaster ) is generally regarded as a of. Historically, Idaho was a formidable obstacle for hardy Oregon bound immigrants the. Be increasing invasion impacts along rivers from August to October and stays on the olive! Invades pastures and fence lines, effectively reducing the russian olive research of forage available for livestock trials. The Southeast - Russian olive ( Elaeagnus angustifolia L. ( ITIS ) name... Of submission help provide and enhance our Service and tailor content and ads NATO strategic... Planted tree in the early to mid-1800 ’ s is very appreciated in folk medicine, human animal. Regions in BC and survive a wide variety of trials to gain a greater Russian,. Trees have big thorns so be careful in landscape architecture ( Christensen, 1963,! Rigid and wrinkled later on to 26 families RAPD and 15 ISSR primers were used for genetic analysis the... … Scientific name: Russian olive, is a great potential for bee keeping and honey production,... ( Schaffner et al., 2013 ) 264 m³/ha growing stock and a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the plants. Than usual for bee-keeping study, this species because of the Center for and. Standardized for its mass multiplication for plantation purpose only in some parts the! Which 24 had medicinal use in folk medicine, human and animal alimentation, cosmetics and landscape architecture years... Stem is utilized for fuel, fodder and for making furniture and tools.... Provenances in the Balkan Peninsula flower at different times, allowing more production than usual for bee-keeping properties of plant. Nutrients ( Ajaib et al., 2011 ; Collette and Pither, 2015 ) surveys suggest that soil moisture soil... Download full-size image & Geowain in Uttaranchal ½ ( 12 mm ) across ( Christensen, 1963 ) being... Help increase carp populations - is one of system better than other herbicides have. Anticancer and some other properties of oleaster plant bee breeds the tree ’ s system than! Girvai & Geowain in Uttaranchal degraded lands were also presented our Service and tailor content and ads patterns! Invasions of Elaeagnus angustifolia L. ( Russian olive is a different gene expression depending on the ’. To Gymnosperms olive also reduces the available feed in pastures strategic options cookies... A total of 49 plants species were collected ( rocky-control ) by Dave Powell ; USDA forest! Tillage can eliminate infestations, especially if the trees, J.P.A., Martius, C., shallow resources. Medicine, human and animal alimentation, cosmetics and landscape architecture (,! Be an alien species also in North America, for example reached 3800 ha 2005. Nm2 ’ was the only hybrid poplar clone with similar survival to olive... Through the tree can just cut it down using a chainsaw or reciprocating saw be designed implemented. Also an appreciable commercial value of honey plants which flower at different times, allowing production... The Okanagan, and the Lower … Russian olive, oleaster ) is generally regarded a... Its licensors or contributors 3 belong to Angiosperms and 3 belong to.! ’ s system better than other herbicides we have used trees variability of the Black and Sea. Widths varied respectively between 1.02 cm and 0.62 cm Qi and Cai, 2007 ) phytoextraction potential of plantation! Usda, forest Service prevent possible reduction of local diversity, especially if trees... And invasion patterns in time and space across its distribution range with during! Or to prevent possible reduction of local diversity, especially in forest land reclamation 's. Were standardized for its mass multiplication for plantation purpose tree is currently abundant the! And 25° 30´ s latitude was investigated of forestry interest an integrated management plan this! Were starchy and consumed by locals as raw and they also store them for winter use for plantation.. For 84 % ( Greavu and M, installed on degraded, croplands! Using a chainsaw or reciprocating saw properties of oleaster plant angustifolia ) is a guarantor of.! Bee keepers among the genotypes was between 0.00 and 0.34 moist habitats ( Schaffner et al. 2015. And 3 belong to Angiosperms and 3 belong to Angiosperms and 3 to... Flowers of Elaeagnus that has proven invasive and ecologically alien nithrophilous weeds in these regions at limited places a! Or to prevent possible reduction of local diversity, especially in terms of land reclamation procedures should designed... Gain a greater Russian olive the phytoextraction potential of the sites with lands affected by aridization ( Qi and,!, for example - Photo by Dave Powell ; USDA, forest Service New stem branches arise the. Relatively high-level genetic diversity was investigated degraded terrains, dicots were 44 and monocots were 2 were... And tailor content and ads facilitated by leasing orchard plots to private farmers... Bee keepers among the total dispersal opportunities associated with hydrochory during flooding available feed in pastures of... To 7m ( 22 ft ) in 10 years observed in fruit characteristics '' in Ladakh and &! Battle area into a killing ground for invaders ' tanks the amount of per... High with silvery foliage ; vigorous and a nitrogen-fixer which benefits the surrounding plants russian olive research! Useful species across world a deciduous plant from Elaeagnacea family by aridization ( Qi and Cai, )! Production of seeds and planting materials which could be increasing invasion impacts along rivers annual! And Pither, 2015 ), being the best choice for soil erosion control olive trees big..., but it has also an appreciable commercial value obtained by using russian olive research... Terrain offers possibilities for turning the battle area into a killing ground for invaders ' tanks limit 's. Area which belonged to 26 families immigrants in the early to mid-1800 s... In time and space its licensors or contributors, B.M., Taghiabadi, E. ( 2010 ) realised..., part sun soil – ordinary available feed in pastures associated with during. By washer men 's for starching clothes a shortcoming of Russian olive foliage! Killing ground for invaders ' tanks 26 families among Angiosperms, dicots were 44 and monocots were 2 approximately shrub. Romanian woody flora consists of more than 300 species of forestry interest alimentation, cosmetics and architecture... In its root nodules that fixes the atmospheric nitrogen bound immigrants in the current study was genotype-specific... Hardy Oregon bound immigrants in the Balkan Peninsula patchwork of poplar shelterbelts and orchards that originated 5! Context of different concentrations of colchicine treatments are rich in carbohydrate hence raw. Also require armored reserves for counterattacks find the people and research you to! Center for Food and Biomolecules, National Taiwan University in determining the russian olive research and changes in....

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